When is the procedure indicated?
Surgeries are performed by six gynaecologists specialising in gynaecological cancers. An increasing number of more effective treatment alternatives are on offer. In order to choose the correct form of treatment, we need precise information about the location of the tumour, its spread and cell type. Treatment is planned by a multidisciplinary team of experts that consists of gynaecologists specialising in cancers, a pathologist, and a specialist trained in performing and interpreting diagnostic imaging tests.
We offer surgery, cytostatic therapy, radiotherapy and hormone therapy. Targeted drugs may also be used in certain cases. Surgery is performed using minimally invasive methods (laproscopy and robot-assisted laproscopy) and the number of fertility-preserving surgeries has also increased.
Medical treatment is supported by personalised care.
Surgery for gynaecological cancer
As there are a variety of different gynaecological cancers, the correct form of treatment is always selected on a case-by-case basis.
Uterine cancer is the most common gynaecological cancer and is most often treated with surgery. The cancerous tumour and the surrounding healthy tissue are removed to prevent localised spread. During surgery, we can also determine whether the cancer has spread to surrounding tissues and lymph nodes. The surrounding lymph ducts and nodes can also be removed if necessary. The extent of the operation depends on the cancer’s growth type, size, spread and location.
Sometimes surgery may be the only treatment, but radiotherapy, medication or both are often administered as well. Additional treatments may be administered before (neoadjuvant) or after (perioperative) surgery, once the full extent of the cancer’s spread has been determined.
In some cancers, cancer cells may detach from the tumour and spread around the body at a very early stage, and this cannot be prevented by surgery. However, additional treatments can destroy these detached cells.
Pros and cons
The benefits of treating gynaecological cancers are always considered greater than any potential problems caused by procedures.
Duration of the procedure
The time taken to perform surgery on gynaecological cancers varies greatly depending on the patient’s general condition and weight, the type of cancer and its spread, and the surgical method. Operations usually last from 1.5 to 3 hours.
Recovery time varies from patient to patient. Recovery from laproscopic surgery for localised cancers takes an average of three weeks, while recovery from laparotomies and more extensive surgeries takes upwards of four weeks.
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