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    The cornea and corneal conditions

    The cornea is the clear outermost layer of the eye. Dryness of the eye is the most common condition of the cornea and tear film. Our experienced surgeons are familiar with all the specialised techniques related to corneal conditions.

    The cornea is the clear outermost layer of the eye; it contains no blood vessels. The cornea strongly refracts light. It obtains nutrients via diffusion from intraocular fluid and through the tear film coating its surface. The different cellular layers of the cornea are vital for visual acuity. Dryness of the eye is the most common condition of the cornea and tear film. We also treat keratoconus and other corneal diseases.

    The layer covering the white part of the eye is called the conjunctiva. The clear central area of the eye that allows light to pass through is the cornea. While the conjunctiva does not normally grow on the cornea, this may sometimes happen. Usually, the conjunctiva starts to grow from the nasal side of the eye and forms a triangular lesion on the cornea, resembling the wing of a fly. This lesion is known as the pterygium. The pterygium is treated surgically if it threatens the person’s eyesight. Those who have worked several years in hot, dusty conditions have a higher risk of developing a pterygium. High exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light also increases the risk of pterygium formation. The symptoms of a pterygium include sensitivity to light, tearing, and a feeling of having grit in the eye. The pterygium may also influence the shape of the patient’s cornea and cause double vision. It may also increase astigmatism (the need for cylindrical eyeglass lenses); for instance, letters may appear to have a pale parallel shadow underneath them.

    For those with corneal diseases, individually planned examinations can be arranged as required, and extensive treatment planning and follow-up services are also available. The treatment and follow-up of corneal conditions has developed considerably, thanks to research and today’s increasing wealth of knowledge. Our experienced surgeons are familiar with all the specialised techniques related to corneal conditions.

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